Central and Eastern Europe, International Journalism and PR

June 4, 1989 in Poland

On June 4, 1989 during the semi-free parliamentary elections Polish people voted on the Citizens’ Committee, an opposition group around Lech Wałęsa, which led to the end of communism in Poland.

Solidarity won all of the freely contested seats in the Polish Parliament Sejm, and all but one seat in the entirely freely contested Senate. Poland became the first country behind the Iron Curtain whose democratically elected representatives became decision makers.

Despite the fact that elections were not entirely democratic, they led to the formation of a government led by Tadeusz Mazowiecki. A peaceful transition to democracy followed.These changes in Poland led to the wave of changes across Central and Eastern Europe.

In October 1980 in the national news a famous Polish actress Joanna Szczepkowska officially announced the end of communism by saying: ’’Dear Sir/Madam, on June 4 1989 the communism in Poland perished’’.


”Socialism, peace, work, prosperity” a propaganda slogan. On the photos below you can see what prosperity and peace meant in Poland under communism.

Police during the military state

”Government takes care of people” propaganda slogan hanging above the empty shelves in a shop

Photos: taken at the museum Polish People’s Republic ( original name: Muzeum Zycia w PRL)
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