Today Montenegro celebrates its independence. The Montenegrin independence referendum took place in 2006. The referendum had a turnout of 85% and 55.5% voters voted for the independence of the country. The Montenegro Parliament declared independence on June 3rd 2006.
Montenegro emerged in the 16th century and was a semi-autonomous region within the Ottoman Empire. It organized rebellions against Turkish control and on July 13, 1878 it became independent as a result of Berlin Congress. Therefore, Montenegro celebrates also on July 13 its Statehood Day to commemorate the day of recognizing Montenegro as the twenty-seventh independent state by the Berlin Congress.
At the end of World War I in 1918 Montenegro became part of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. After World War II it became a republic within the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
After the dissolution of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992, Montenegro and Serbia formed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Under the Belgrade Agreement in 2003 it was renamed as Serbia and Montenegro. The agreement included also a provision that any referendum on the independence of Montenegro would not take place for three years.
The name ‘Montenegro’ refers to the black mountains located in Montenegro and was first used in the 15th century. 60% of the territory of Montenegro of 13,812 km2 is more than 1000 metres about sea level.
Montenegro population equals 631,219.
Montenegro is a member of the UN, NATO, the World Trade Organization, the Council of Europe, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe and the Central European Free Trade Agreement. Montenegro is a founding member of the Union for the Meditterranean. It is undergoing the procedure of joining the European Union.
Interview with his excellency Mr Laurent Stokvis, Ambassador of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the Republic of Serbia, also accredited to Montenegro