UNESCO: Celebration of anniversaries in 2015 : Armenia, Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, Georgia, Hungary, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, Serbia, Slovakia, Tajikistan and Ukraine
|200th anniversary of the establishment of the Lazarev Institute of Oriental Languages (1815) (Armenia with the support of Russian Federation) (2015)The 200th anniversary of the establishment of the Lazarev Institute of Oriental Languages (1815) will provide a valuable opportunity to promote UNESCO’s ideals and mission in the fields of education, culture, social and human sciences, and communication and promote tolerance, the ideals of peace, intercultural dialogue and mutual understanding among peoples.
|250th anniversary of the birth of Michał Kleofas Ogiński, composer, writer and diplomat (1765-1833) (Belarus, Lithuania, Poland) (2015)This request, submitted by three countries – Belarus, Lithuania and Poland – focuses on the 250th anniversary of the birth of a composer and politician of the Polish-Lithuanian Union, (which also included Belarus). Michał Kleofas Ogiński was a well-known composer in Europe, highly regarded for his polonaises, including the famous “A Farewell to the Homeland”. In addition to his musical activity, Michał Kleofas Ogiński worked for the liberation of his country, helped to reform the University of Vilnius and, towards the end of his life, attempted to introduce important social reforms on his estate (now in Belarus). This commemoration, supported by three countries of the former Polish-Lithuanian Union, is a remarkable example of close international cooperation in order to preserve a shared cultural heritage, and shows how a common history can be explored in a spirit of mutual understanding and reconciliation.
Co-creator of the Cyrillic alphabet, Saint Methodius is considered as one of the major figures in the history of Bulgaria and the Slavic cultures. With his brother, he translated the Bible into old Slavonic languages and helped disseminate and popularize it; their works also helped the spread of Christianity in the region. Considering its importance nationally and regionally, and its relevance to UNESCO’s ideals and mission, UNESCO could be associated with this anniversary.
This proposal requests UNESCO to be associated with the 100th anniversary of the death of Akaki Tsereteli, an iconic figure in Georgian literature who played a key role in modernizing and developing Georgian literary language. Tsereteli also helped to set up the Georgian Dramatic Society and contributed to the development of education and journalism in his country.
Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis was a physician who demonstrated that puerperal fever (also known as “childbed fever”) was contagious and that its incidence could be drastically reduced by enforcing appropriate hand-washing behaviour by medical care-givers. He made this discovery in 1847 while working in the Maternity Department of the Vienna Lying-in Hospital. His failure to convince his fellow doctors led to a tragic conclusion. Only after his death was the germ theory of disease developed, and he is now recognized as a pioneer of antiseptic policy and prevention of nosocomial disease. He was ultimately vindicated.
200th anniversary of the birth of Flóris Rómer, archaeologist and professor (1815-1889) (2015)
Rómer was an archaeologist, art historian, artist, professor, member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. He was one of the founders and representatives of Hungarian archaeology – for this reason he was called “father of Hungarian archaeology” – and a co-founder of the Hungarian Society of History. He published extensively and many of his works are devoted to the building of national heritage and to the preservation of historical monuments. He is a brilliant example of commitment to the preservation of historical and scientific heritage to the future generations.
In 2015, Latvia will celebrate the bicentenary of the establishment of its first Society for Literature and Art. In 1815, a group of Courland intellectuals founded the Society in order to promote scientific research and provide all Latvians with access to education in their mother tongue.
150th anniversary of the birth of writers Rainis (1865-1929) and Aspazija (1865-1943) (2015)
The proposal requests UNESCO to be associated with the celebration of the 150th anniversary of the birth of the Latvian writer and politician known under the pseudonym Rainis, and with the 150th anniversary of the birth of Elza Rosenberga, known as Aspazija (wife of Janis Plieksans). Rainis was a progressive writer and translator of major English, German and Russian authors into Latvian, thereby working to bring cultures and literatures closer together. As a politician, he was very sensitive to the human condition and committed to education for all (minorities included). It is thanks to Rainis that the first Belarusian minority schools were opened in Latvia. His work and his actions often stressed the importance of solidarity between peoples and nations. As Minister of Education, Rainis – mindful of the need to protect the intangible cultural heritage – founded the Archives of Latvian Folklore which are inscribed in the Memory of the World Register.